(1) Preparation of Elevation DataPrepare the elevation data covering the area for the visible area map.(2) Preparation for Calculation
The map must cover from the mountain in the center to the end of the area to be calculated. If some areas between are not covered by the map these parts are treated as the see. This may cause wrong visibilitiy which should be invisible in the reality.
The digital map 250m grid (Elevation) of the Geographic Survey Institute Japan provides enough quality for the normal use. For more precise calculation 50m grid provides more detail calculation result but needs much time.
Further maps are also available for example; USGS 30 arc second demdcw, Free digital map (250m/1km) which are contained in the FYAMAP CD-ROM. These maps provide wide areas but with less quality.If you calculate for a mountain with known name Place Name Database will help you.(3) Calculation Setting
The setup for the calculation will be done only by giving the name of the mountain. For the displaying of the calculated visible area map the names will also be shown.
It is also possible to calculate for the point on the map pointed by the mouse.
Click the right mouse button on the point and select [Tools] - [Visible Area Map] - [Center]. If there is a place name available put the mouse pointer on it so that it is focused on. Then click the right mouse button. This enables you an exact placement of the center based on the place name data.
Select [Tool] [Visible Area Map] - [Calculation Option].(4) Start Calculation
Input the name, the position, and the altitude of the mountain to be calculated as the center. When you use the mouse for (2) you do not have to enter these values.
If the place name data base is opened specify the name of the mountain from the list box on the left side. This enables an automatic input of the position of the mountain.
Type the first character on the list box. The list is scrolled automatically till the mountain with this first character appears.
Then specify the area to be calculated in km.
At last the quality has to be specified. Use default value except for those who want to specify it manually.
After these settings click Ok button.
Select [Tool] - [Visible Area Map] and chose one from [Highest Quality], [Higher Quality], [Normal Quality] or [Lower Quality]. The higher the calculation quality the longer the calculation time.(5) Stop Calculation
As a reference there is obviously visible difference between [Highest Quality] and [Higher Quality]. On the other hand [Higher Quality] and [Normal Quality] are only slight different. The calculation time is much shorter [Normal Quality]. Since the [Highest Quality] uses sphere compensation exact visible map can be obtained especially for the far distances. For the [Low Quality] the size of the mesh is made rough.
If you set up the quality by [Tools] [Visible Area Map] - [Calculation Option] select [Calc] - [calculate Manual Setup].
A circle area with the center of the mountain will be calculated here. If you want to calculate only for the specific area please refer to "Calculate the area surrounded by the mouse dragging".
a) In the case that the calculation is terminated without showing any result this means there is no calculation area found.
- The digital map for the corresponding area is not registered.
- When (Continue Calculating) is chosen after all necessary calculation has been terminated.
b) The area without registration of the "digital map" is treated as the see.
To stop the calculation select [Tool] - [Visible Area Map] - [Stop/Pause Calculating].(6) Save Calculation Result
When the calculation is broken the visible area map for the area already calculated will be displayed.The calculated result can be saved as a "Visibility File".(7) Continue Calculating
Select [File] - [Save] - [Visible Area Map (VAM)].
Enter file name (normally it has .VAM extension).
Data file which contents "Visibility Data" has .VAM extension.If the calculation did not terminate in a day you can break the calculation and save the intermediate result as a file. Please save the file in the way shown as (5) then calculate later.
Select [File] - [Open] - [Visible Area Map (VAM)] and the file that you have saved in the way of (5). Then select [Tools] [Visibl Area Map] - [Continue Calculating] to continue the last calculation.
It is also possible to change the setup by selecting [Tools] - [Visible Area Map] - [Calculation Option].
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